Measuring the domain-specificity of creativity
In creativity research, there is a discussion whether creativity is a universal phenomenon, or whether the skills, aptitudes, traits, propensities and motivations that underlie a creative performance achievement must be differentiated as to domains. There are different ways to empirically explore the question of the domain-specificity of creativity, whereby essentially two approaches can be identified: measuring the creative person and product. This paper aims to give a compact overview of the methods and findings of empirical research approaching the question if and how distinct domains of creativity have to be distinguished and discussed methodological issues. As a result, a three-factor model of creativity appears to be most appropriate, although further work is needed to reach clarification here.
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